Detection of illicit drugs is able to be achieved by way of laboratory examination of body samples.
Body samples which are able to be examined include blood, hair, oral fluid, sweat, finger nails and urine.
Collection of these samples in each instance involves a degree of invasiveness.
Upon collection these samples need a recorded chain of custody and laboratory examination.
Urine samples in particular risk being compromised due to the manner of collection and the availability of masking agents.
Oral fluid testing is able to produce a false positive due to substances that produce a similar result to the target drugs being tested for. The most common are prescription medicines, some over the counter medications, as well as certain food groups.
All laboratory testing takes time to establish the presence or absence of illicit drugs. During which time the employee affected by illicit drug taking is able to remain in the work place posing a continuous danger to themselves and fellow employees.
Illicit drug takers and dealers by nature of their offending against society are secretive to minimizes risk of being caught and accordingly far less likely to be willing participants providing body samples particularly without adulteration.
Narcotic possession and consumption produces an odor which a trained detector dog is able to locate. A dogs nose contains 220 million smell sensory cells compared to a humans five million.
Trained narcotic detector dogs utilize this smell sensory to locate both yet to be consumed drugs and indicate areas or utensils containing residue from previous drug consumption.
During deployment of a trained detector dog Employees are able to go about their tasks without interruption of production.
Upon detection of illicit drug possession or consumption the employee, is able to be immediately removed from the work place to protect both their safety and that of others.
Employers are required by statute to provide a safe and healthy working environment for their employees. There is also a legal obligation for employee to contribute towards the safety of the work place.
Non invasive checking of the work place environment for illicit drugs is an audit of the employee’s work place obligation.
Unexplained inventory shortages, decreased production, rising injury rates, damaged products can signal hidden problems in the organization. Employee drug abuse coupled with dishonesty, can result in financial ruin for any business.
Absence of illicit drugs in the work place both increases productivity whilst decreasing chances of physical harm to individuals and damage to plant. Employee morale is improved because most employees appreciate a company that is concerned for their safety.